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Academic Integrity: HARVARD

HARVARD UL REFERENCING

Harvard UL is the style used by Education, Business and many Arts subjects in MIC. Check your course handbook to see which style your department uses. 

See below for samples of different formats. For a full list consult the Harvard UL Style Guide 

Citing in Harvard UL

The citation style in Harvard is (Author Year)

Examples: 

One Author: (Flanagan 2006)

Two authors (Gerwitz and Cribb 2009)

Three or more authors (Menter et al 2011) Note that you list all the authors in the Bibliography

No Author (Collins Dictionary 1996) Cite Tiltle of book

Two works by an Author Published in the same year (Robinson 1997a) (Robinson 1997b)

Source cited in another source (Smith, cited in Buckroyd 1990)

Further examples can be found on Pages 5-7 of the Harvard UL Style Guide

 

NEWSPAPER ARTICLE

O'Brien, C. (2020) 'Budget 2021: €250 payment for third-level students for move to online learning' The Irish Times, 13 Oct, Available: https://www.irishtimes.com/news/education/budget-2021-250-payment-for-third-level-students-for-move-to-online-learning-1.4379605 [accessed 15 October 2020]

COURSE MATERIAL

Talbot, R. (2020) 'Referencing and Plagiarism I' Information Literacy, MIC Thurles, unpublished.

WEBSITE

Consortium of National & University Libraries (2009) Integrating Information Literacy Standards into the Curriculum CONUL http://www.conul.ie/media/Complete-Guide.pdf [accessed 12 August 2018]

BOOK

Menter, I., Elliot, D., Hulme, M., Lewin, J., & Lowden, K. (2011). A guide to practitioner research in education . London: SAGE.

Gewirtz, S. & Cribb, A. (2009) Understanding education : a sociological perspective . Cambridge: Polity.

Flanagan, F. M. (2006) The greatest educators ever . London: Continuum.

CHAPTER IN AN EDITED COLLECTION

O'Connor, P. (2010) 'Gender and organisational culture at senior management level: limits and possibilities for change' in Harford, J. and Rush. C., eds., Have women made a difference? Women in Irish universities 1850- 2010, Oxford: Peter Lang, 139-162.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

PRINT:

Flanagan, F. M. (1996) 'A certain minimum education: Who’s to be accountable?' Irish educational studies.15 (1), 133–151.

ONLINE

Aharony, N. and Gazit, T. (2019), 'Factors affecting students’ information literacy self-efficacy', Library Hi Tech, Vol. 37 No. 2, pp. 183-196. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHT-10-2018-0154

NOTE: Online journal articles have a DOI or digital object identifier. When that is present you don't need to include a date accessed.