Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Academic Integrity: CHICAGO

CHICAGO REFERENCING

The Chicago style is used by many subjects such as History, Irish and Religion. It is particularly useful as the style has footnotes which give the reference at the bottom of the page. 

See below for examples of Chicago style and to see more examples access the Chicago Manual of Style

FOOTNOTES

Chicago referencing style uses footnotes when citing
These appear in the text as a small number beside the quote or paraphrase with the reference at the bottom of the page
Place the cursor in the position where you want the quote to appear
Insert the footnote
Any subsequent footnotes will be indexed and Word keeps them on the correct pages

 

CHAPTER IN AN EDITED COLLECTION

Footnote

Pat O'Connor, 'Gender and organisational culture at senior management level: limits and possibilities for change' in Have women made a difference? Women in Irish universities 1850- 2010,  eds. Judith Harford, and Claire Rush, (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2010), 139-162.

Subsequent Note:

O'Connor,  'Gender and organisational culture at senior management level: limits and possibilities for change' , 139-162.

O'Connor, Pat. 'Gender and organisational culture at senior management level: limits and possibilities for change' in Have women made a difference? Women in Irish universities 1850- 2010, edited by Judith Harford and Claire Rush, 139-162. Oxford: Peter Lang, 2010

NEWSPAPER ARTICLE

Footnote

Carl O'Brien, (2020) 'Budget 2021: €250 payment for third-level students for move to online learning' The Irish Times, 13 Oct, 2020, https://www.irishtimes.com/news/education/budget-2021-250-payment-for-third-level-students-for-move-to-online-learning-1.4379605 

Subsequent Note

O'Brien, C. 'Budget 2021: €250 payment for third-level students for move to online learning' 

Bibliography

O'Brien, Carl. 'Budget 2021: €250 payment for third-level students for move to online learning' The Irish Times. 13 Oct, 2020. Available: https://www.irishtimes.com/news/education/budget-2021-250-payment-for-third-level-students-for-move-to-online-learning-1.4379605 

WEBSITE

Footnote

 "Integrating Information Literacy Standards into the Curriculum" Consortium of National & University  Libraries CONUL, accessed August 12, 2018 http://www.conul.ie/media/Complete-Guide.pdf 

Subsequent Note:

CONUL, "Integrating Information Literacy Standards into the Curriculum." 

Bibliography

Consortium of National & University  Libraries. "Integrating Information Literacy Standards into the Curriculum" Accessed August 12, 2018 http://www.conul.ie/media/Complete-Guide.pdf

BOOK

Footnote:

Frank Flanagan, The greatest educators ever . (London: Continuum, 2006), 65

Subsequent Note:

Flanagan, The greatest educators ever, 81

Bibliography

Flanagan, Frank. The greatest educators ever. London: Continuum, 2006.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Footnote

Frank Flanagan, (1996) 'A certain minimum education: Who’s to be accountable?' Irish educational studies.15 (1), (1996): 136.

Noa Aharony, and Tali Gazit, 'Factors affecting students’ information literacy self-efficacy', Library Hi Tech, Vol. 37 No. 2, (2019): 186-196. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHT-10-2018-0154

Subsequent Note:

Flanagan, 'A certain minimum education: Who’s to be accountable?', 136

Aharony and Gazit, 'Factors affecting students’ information literacy self-efficacy', 187

Bibliography

Frank Flanagan. 'A certain minimum education: Who’s to be accountable?' Irish educational studies.15 (1), (1996): 133-151

Aharony, Noa and Gazit, Tali /'Factors affecting students’ information literacy self-efficacy' Library Hi Tech. Vol. 37 No. 2, (2019): 183-196. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHT-10-2018-0154

 

COURSE MATERIAL

Footnote

Ruth Talbot, (2020) 'Referencing and Plagiarism I' Information Literacy, (MIC Thurles, unpublished, 2020)

Subsequent Note

Talbot,  'Referencing and Plagiarism I' Information Literacy

Bibliography

Talbot, Ruth. 'Referencing and Plagiarism I' Information Literacy. MIC Thurles, unpublished, 2020.