Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Academic Integrity: APA

APA REFERENCING

APA is the style used by Psychology, Sociology and other subjects in MIC. Check your course handbook to see which style your department uses. 

See below for samples of different formats. For a full list consult the APA 7th edition style guide

Citing in APA

The citation style in APA is (Author, Year)

Examples: 

One Author: (Flanagan, 2006)

Two authors (Gerwitz and Cribb, 2009)

Three or more authors (Menter et al, 2011) Note that you list all the authors in the Bibliography

No Author (Collins Dictionary, 1996) Cite Title of book

Two works by an Author Published in the same year (Robinson, 1997a) (Robinson, 1997b)

Source cited in another source (Smith, cited in Buckroyd, 1990)

 

 

NEWSPAPER ARTICLE

O'Brien, C. (2020, October 13). Budget 2021: €250 payment for third-level students for move to online learning The Irish Times. https://www.irishtimes.com/news/education/budget-2021-250-payment-for-third-level-students-for-move-to-online-learning-1.4379605 

COURSE MATERIAL

Talbot, R. (2020) Referencing and Plagiarism I Information Literacy, MIC Thurles, unpublished.

WEBSITE

Consortium of National & University Libraries (2009) Integrating Information Literacy Standards into the Curriculum CONUL http://www.conul.ie/media/Complete-Guide.pdf 

See more examples here

BOOK

Menter, I., Elliot, D., Hulme, M., Lewin, J., & Lowden, K. (2011). A guide to practitioner research in education. SAGE.

Gewirtz, S. & Cribb, A. (2009) Understanding education : a sociological perspective. Polity.

Flanagan, F. M. (2006) The greatest educators ever. Continuum.

See more examples here

CHAPTER IN AN EDITED COLLECTION

O'Connor, P. (2010) Gender and organisational culture at senior management level: limits and possibilities for change. In Harford, J. and Rush. C., (Eds.), Have women made a difference? Women in Irish universities 1850- 2010,  (pp.139-162) Peter Lang.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

PRINT:

Flanagan, F. M. (1996) A certain minimum education: Who’s to be accountable? Irish educational studies.15 (1), 133–151.

ONLINE

Aharony, N. and Gazit, T. (2019), Factors affecting students’ information literacy self-efficacy, Library Hi Tech, Vol. 37 No. 2, pp. 183-196. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHT-10-2018-0154

NOTE:  If the journal article does not have a DOI but does have a URL that will resolve for readers (e.g., it is from an online journal that is not part of a database), include the URL of the article at the end of the reference.

See more examples here